Fractures of the Tibia
The shin bone is called the tibia, which spans from your knee joint to your ankle joint.
Your tibia can break (fracture) from many different types of injuries, and can come in different shapes, sizes and locations.
How a fracture of the tibia is treated depends on numerous factors, including:
- the exact location of the fracture
- how far your fractured bone has moved out of place
- other injuries you might have
- the condition of the skin and muscle around your fracture
- your general health
Tibia fractures can be categorized according to the location of the fracture:
- Tibial Plateau Fractures: These fractures occur below your knee joint and disrupts the smooth gliding surface of your knee joint. This can lead to permanent cartilage damage and lead to osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Tibial Shaft Fractures: These fractures occur between the knee and ankle joints and are a common location for fractures of the tibia. These fractures are often treated with an operation which involves securing it with a metal rod called an intramedullary nail.
- Tibial Plafond Fractures: These fractures occur at the bottom of the shin bone around the ankle joint. These fractures disrupt the smooth gliding surface of your ankle joint. This can lead to permanent cartilage damage and lead to osteoarthritis of the ankle.