Knee Effusion

Treatment

Treatment for Knee Effusion focuses on treating the underlying disease or injury.

  • Osteoarthritis: Aspirating the built-up fluid from your knee joint can alleviate the pressure . Also a corticosteroid injection may be chosen to treat the inflammation.
  • Gout or pseudogout: Both of these cause crystals to deposit in joints and may cause inflammation in the joint and surrounding soft tissues. Your doctor may start you on medications to control these conditions.
  • Infection: Antibiotics may be used to treat underlying infection. You may need repeated aspiration of the infected joint or surgery.
  • Arthroscopic knee surgery: Using camera on a flexible stick, an orthopaedic surgeon can look at the inside of your knee for signs of damage. The surgeon can then also repair damage inside your knee.
  • Joint replacement: Most people with osteoarthritis of the knee don't require surgery. But if bearing weight on your knee joint becomes near impossible surgery may be recommended.

Looking After Yourself

Taking care of yourself when you have water on the knee includes:

  • Rest: Avoid weight-bearing activities as much as possible when your knee is painful and swollen.
  • Ice and elevation: Cold therapy can help control pain and swelling. Apply ice to your knee for 15 to 20 minutes every two to four hours. You may use a bag of ice, frozen vegetables or an iced towel cooled down in your freezer.
  • Pain medication: paracetamol is often effective at relieving pain. NSAIDs are effective for relieving pain and inflammation. If these don't relieve the pain, ask your doctor about prescription medications.
  • Muscle-toning exercises: If your thigh (quadriceps) muscle or hamstring muscles are weak, your doctor may refer you to a physiotherapist to learn how to strengthen these muscles to better support your knee.
  • Managing your weight: Losing weight will minimize the amount of weight your knees have to support when you engage in weight-bearing activities.
24 September, 2012