Acute Compartment Syndrome
This is a surgical emergency and the only effective treament is surgery. Your doctor will make an incision and cut open the skin and fascia covering the affected compartment (fasciotomy). Sometimes the wound cannot be closed immediately and occasionally to repair the wound a skin graft may be used.
Chronic Compartment Syndrome
Non-surgical: Sometimes just avoiding the activities which cause your condition is all that is needed. Cross-training with low-impact activities may be an option. Sometimes just changing the surface you do your exercise on can help. Inserts for your shoes, physical therapies and anti-inflammatories may be recommended.
Surgical: In usual cases of chronic compartment syndrome, the operation isn't urgent and is instead elective. As described earlier, a fasciotomy can be done.