Compartment syndrome is a very painful and dangerous condition that occurs when pressure within the muscles builds to dangerous levels. This pressure can decrease the blood flow to the leg, which prevents oxygen and nutrients from reaching the muscle cells.
There are 2 types of Compartment syndrome, called Acute or Chronic.
Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency. It is usually caused when your tibia is fractured (broken) or when it has sustained a severe crush injury. If it isn't diagnosed and treated quickly, it can lead to permanent damage to your leg.
Chronic compartment syndrome is very much different. It is most often caused by exercising and is not a medical emergency.