Many times, no treatment is required and a Baker's cyst will disappear on its own.
If the cyst is very large and causes a lot of pain, your doctor may use the following treatments:
- Physiotherapy- Methods such as Icing the area, using a compression bandage and using crutches can help. Strengthening the muscles around your knee with gentle exercise may also help to alleviate your symptoms.
- Medication- You may get a corticosteroid injection into your knee which can reduce inflammation. It doesn't always prevent recurrence of the cyst but it does ease the pain.
Typically though, doctors treat the underlying cause rather than the Baker's cyst itself.
Even if after all the above have been tried and they do not work, you may need surgery to remove the cyst.