Anaesthesia

  • The anaesthetist provides optimal conditions during surgery so that the procedure is carried out as safe and smoothly as possible
  • Anaesthesia can be either local or general.  
  • The anaesthetist or surgeon will discuss with you which type of anaesthesia will be used which will depend on the type of operation and your state of health.
  • There are also risks associated with different types of anaesthetic techniques used, and the surgeon will discuss this with you
  • General anaesthesia involves
    • Preoperative assessment to assess your health and condition before the operation
    • Induction to render the patient unconscious and unreactive during surgery
    • Maintenance to keep the patient in the anaesthetised state for the duration of the operation
    • Reversal when the operation is completed if certain types of anaesthetic agents are used
    • Recovery begins as soon as the anaesthetic is stopped and this period lasts until the patient regains consciousness, comfortable and stable
  • local anaesthesia
    • avoids the risks and compliccations of general anaesthesia
    • are appropriate for only certain surgical proedures
    • use of this technique depends on: 
      • preference of patient
      • preference of surgeon
      • preference of anaesthetic
      • technical requirements and circumstances of the procedure
    • techniques include
      • spinal anaesthesia
      • epidural anaesthesia
      • peripheral neural blockade
  • It is important to inform your surgeon or anaesthetist any medical conditions you have, any medications you are on, as well as allergies before the operation.

 

8 October, 2011