Lisfranc Fracture Dislocation
What is a LisFranc Fracture Dislocation?
The term ‘Lisfranc joint’ is used to refer to a special area that runs across the middle of the foot.
The foot is made up of many bones, and the connection between two bones is called a joint. There are five joints in the foot called the "tarsometatarsal joints" and together these joints make up the "Lisfranc joint'.
These five joints are kept in place partly by the close-fitting shape of the bones, and partly by strong surrounding soft tissues, especially the ligaments. One of these, the Lisfranc ligament, is a small but very strong ligament that holds the bone near the base of the big toe to the base of the second toe.
Despite it’s smallness, this Lisfranc ligament is essential for maintaining the stability of the foot, and along with other ligaments, helps to maintain the arch of your foot. Overall, the five joints act together, so that when one is injured the others are highly likely to be injured as well. Also, the soft tissues around the joints are likely to be damaged.
Dislocations is when the bones that make up a joint are no longer in the correct position. A Fracture-Dislocation is when the bones are broken and also the joint is dislocated.
LisFranc dislocations and dislocation-fractures usually occur following sports injuries or car accidents. They are usually very serious injuries that need surgery.