Bunions | Hallux Valgus
Bunions are very common, and present a wide spectrum of issues from difficulty walking through to difficulty buying shoes. In many cases, bunions and hallux valgus cause no problem at all.
The possible signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
- A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
- Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
- Corns or calluses — these develop where the first and second toes overlap
- Persistent or intermittent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe
Pain from a bunion can range from mild to severe, often making it difficult to walk in normal shoes. The skin and deeper tissue around the bunion also may become swollen or inflamed.
The other toes can be affected by a bunion as a result of pressure from the big toe pushing inward toward them. Toenails are more likely to become ingrown, or to irritate the other toes. Sometimes changes in your feet and the way you walk can result in the smaller toes becoming bent or claw-like (hammertoes), in particular the second toe.
When to see your doctor
Although bunions often require no medical treatment, see your doctor or a healthcare professional who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist) if you have:
- Persistent big toe or foot pain
- A visible bump on your big toe joint
- Decreased movement of your big toe or foot
- Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly